An open source article by B Paluchamy. Mining operations are inherently associated with dust generation, which is detrimental to cleaner production in mines. Exposure to airborne respirable dust causes serious health hazards to the miners. This paper critically reviews the different dust generating sources in fully mechanised underground metalliferous mines (FMUMM). Moreover, it discusses the classification, characteristics, health impacts, and legislative guidelines of dust in underground metalliferous mines. The monitoring, mitigation, and control measures of airborne respirable dust in major mining operations for cleaner production in FMUMM, have also been discussed in detail. In addition, the generation and health issues concerning microscopic particulates, such as diesel particulate matter and radon progeny associated with dust particles in FMUMM have been elucidated. This article also discusses the recent research activities, identifies the gap areas and suggests the scope for future research on this important topic for improving the workplace environment and protecting health and safety of the miners in FMUMM. This comprehensive review encompassing various issues concerning airborne respirable dust in FMUMM can serve as a first-hand reference material for the academicians, researchers, and practising mine environmentalists.
Last Updated: 26/02/2022 09:39:44am